Points of View

The Digital OneManufacturing Framework defines success in Industry 4.0

In the last few centuries, the world has experienced three industrial revolutions that have shaped our industrial processes:


  1. The first industrial revolution: Labor-centric production processes were mechanized using water and steam power.

  2. The second industrial revolution: Driven by moving assembly lines and mass production made possible by electricity. 

  3. The third industrial revolution: Driven by electronics and the application of information technology and increased automated production.

  4. The fourth industrial revolution: Technology embeds itself deeply in society, with digital technological advances connecting all major stakeholders in core manufacturing activities.

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